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Richard S. J. Tol

Publications

Assessment Paper

A Scorecard for Humanity: Climate Change, Tol

Climate change is real and man-made. It will come as a big surprise that climate change from 1900 to 2025 has mostly been a net benefit, rising to increase welfare about 1.5% of GDP per year. Why? Because global warming has mixed effects and for moderate warming, the benefits prevail.

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Assessment Paper

Third Copenhagen Consensus: Emission Abatement Assessment, Tol

Richard S. J. Tol's paper on Emission Abatement was of one of the key research papers from the Copenhagen Consensus on Climate in 2009 ( Fix The Climate ), this updated Assessment Paper was released...

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Assessment Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Global Warming Assessment, Yohe Toll et al

An Assessment Paper on Global Warming was prepared for the second Copenhagen Consensus by Gary W. Yohe, Richard S.J. Tol, Richard G. Richels, and Geoffrey J. Blanford. The working paper used by the...

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Assessment Paper

Fix The Climate: Cutting Carbon Emissions Assessment, Tol

The working paper used by the Expert Panel is available for download here, the finalized paper has been published in Smart Solutions to Climate Change by Cambridge University Press. Climate economist...

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Policy Advice

Policy report: The Costs And Benefits Of EU Climate Policy For 2020

By Richard S.J. Tol. The European Union aims to limit its 2020 greenhouse gas emissions to 80% of its 1990 emissions. The European Commission has published an impact assessment, but not a cost-benefit analysis – an earlier cost-benefit analysis covered the eventual target but not the intermediate ones, let alone the details of policy implementation. This paper fills the gap, estimating the costs and the benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% in a decade.

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