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Trade and Migration

For most of human history, migration has been constrained by physical barriers and transport difficulties rather than government action. More recently, sharply different rates of growth across the world have combined to make many workers from poorer countries eager to move to countries where wages are higher.

Summaries and download links to all our research papers on Trade and Migration below.

Publications

Bangladesh Priorities: Ready Made Garments, Bin Shadat et al.

Research by a team of four Bangladeshi economists, led by Wasel Bin Shadat, a lecturer at the University of Manchester, examines investments that will improve Bangladesh’s vital RMG sector,...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Trade, Raihan, Ferdous and Wong

Research by Selim Raihan, economics professor at the University of Dhaka and executive director of the South Asian Network on Economic Modeling (SANEM), and Farazi Binti Ferdous, research fellow at...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Seasonal Migration, Mobarak and Akram

Research by Mushfiq Mobarak, a Yale University economist, and Agha Ali Akram, a postdoctoral fellow with Evidence Action, suggests that helping people from rural areas migrate to work seasonally in...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Secondary Bond Market, Mortaza

Research by M.G. Mortaza, an economist at the Asian Development Bank, and Wasel Bin Shadat, a lecturer in econometrics at the University Of Manchester, examines a related proposal to boost investment...

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Bangladesh Priorities: Migration, Bin Shadat et al.

Research suggests strategies that can make migration cheaper and make migrants more productive. The researchers—Wasel Bin Shadat, lecturer of econometrics at the University of Manchester, and...

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Assessment Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Trade Assessment, Anderson

Lowering trade barriers would contribute to four likely key goals of the United Nations’ Post-2015 development agenda: poverty alleviation, ending hunger, reducing inequality and strengthening global partnerships for sustainable development. While trade barriers have been reduced considerably in recent years, many remain.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Trade Perspective, Low

Overall, Anderson’s paper provides an excellent and comprehensive analytical review of contemporary trade policy issues in manufacturing and agriculture, and of the case for policy reform. However, it pays limited attention to services, when it is becoming increasingly apparent that their contribution to the economy has been underestimated for a long time.

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Perspective Paper

Post-2015 Consensus: Trade Perspective, Hoekman

Hoekman points out that global trade has grown strongly since 1990 and has been accompanied by rising real incomes. However, although average incomes in the East Asia and Pacific region have risen more than 1500% since 1960, the rise has been just 30% in sub-Saharan Africa. Economic policies that increased the costs of trade have been an important factor in this disappointing performance.

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment of Final OWG Targets

This report assesses the targets in the OWG’s Final Outcome Document from 19 July 2014. This builds upon the information presented in similar documents which the Copenhagen Consensus Center released...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 12th Session OWG Goals

The Copenhagen Consensus has updated our benefit-cost assessment of UN Post-2015 Millennium Development Goals for the 12th session of the Open Working Group. The Copenhagen Consensus will present...

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Policy Advice

Preliminary Benefit-Cost Assessment for 11th Session OWG Goals

Some of the world’s top economists have assessed the targets from the 11th session Open Working Group document into one of five categories, based on economic evidence: Phenomenal, Good, Fair, Poor and Uncertain.

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Assessment Paper

A Scorecard for Humanity: Trade Barriers, Anderson

International trade is a rarely on lists of top humanitarian problems. But with its rapid trade-driven growth in the past 30 years, China allowed 680 million people to lift themselves out of poverty...

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Working Paper

Third Copenhagen Consensus: Trade Barriers, Anderson

A Working Paper on Trade Barriers has been written by Kym Anderson and released by the Copenhagen Consensus Center. The working paper used by the Expert Panel is available for download here, the...

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Assessment Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Assessment, Anderson Winters

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade was prepared for the second Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson and L. Alan Winters. The working paper used by the Expert Panel is available for download...

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Perspective Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Perspective, Deardorff

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade was prepared for the Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson and L. Alan Winters. Alan V. Deardorff and Anthony J. Venables wrote Perspective Papers in...

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Perspective Paper

Second Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Perspective, Venables

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade was prepared for the Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson and L. Alan Winters. Alan V. Deardorff and Anthony J. Venables wrote Perspective Papers in...

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Assessment Paper

Bill Gates for a Day: Subsidies and Trade Barriers

By Kym Anderson Despite the net economic and social benefits of reducing most government subsidies and opening economies to trade, almost every national government intervenes in markets for goods and...

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Presentation

Bill Gates for a Day: Trade presentation

By Senior Researcher Chantal Pohl Nielsen, AKF. Nielsen gave a presentation on Trade and Subsidies at the Bill Gates for a Day conference in March 2007.

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Assessment Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Assessment, Anderson

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade Barriers was prepared for the Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson. The working paper used by the Expert Panel is available for download here, the finalized...

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Perspective Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Perspective, Pronk

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade Barriers was prepared for the Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson. Jan Pronk and Arvind Panagaryia wrote Perspective Papers in response.

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Perspective Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Subsidies and Trade Barriers Perspective, Panagariya

An Assessment Paper on Subsidies and Trade Barriers was prepared for the Copenhagen Consensus by Kym Anderson. Jan Pronk and Arvind Panagaryia wrote Perspective Papers in response.

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Assessment Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Population and Migration Assessment, Martin

For most of human history, migration has been constrained by physical barriers and transport difficulties rather than government action. More recently, sharply different rates of population and economic growth across the world have combined to make many workers from poorer countries eager to move to more prosperous ones.

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Perspective Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Population and Migration Perspective, Böhning

Roger Böhning wrote a Perspective Paper in response to Philip L. Martin's Assessment on Population and Migration.

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Perspective Paper

Copenhagen Consensus: Population and Migration Perspective, Rosenzweig

Mark Rosenzweig wrote a Perspective Paper in response to the Population and Migration research by Philip L. Martin.

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Projects

Copenhagen Consensus

The Copenhagen Consensus was our first project. The basic idea was to improve prioritization of the numerous problems the world faces, by gathering some of the world's greatest economists to a meeting where some of the biggest challenges in the world would be assessed.

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Copenhagen Consensus III

In 2004 and 2008, the Copenhagen Consensus Center held two major projects that helped to shape overseas development spending and philanthropic decisions for years to come. The third Copenhagen Consensus was the latest iteration of our ongoing work to prioritize the best solutions.

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Post-2015 Consensus

In 2015, the UN's Millennium Development Goals are expiring and the international community will set new goals. The Post-2015 Consensus brings together the world’s top economists, NGOs, international agencies and businesses to identify the goals with the greatest benefit-to-cost ratio for the next development agenda.

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Copenhagen Consensus II

The second Copenhagen Consensus took place 25-30 May in Copenhagen. Once again, our Expert Panel tackled the question, Imagine you had $75 billion to donate to worthwhile causes. What would you do, and where should we start? The Panel released a prioritized list recommending how best to tackle ten of the world's most pressing issues.

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Copenhagen Consensus Georgetown

Copenhagen Consensus 2006 followed a similar procedure to the first Copenhagen Consensus, drawing on the earlier exercise. Representatives had available to them the materials from the previous meeting, and over two days heard new presentations from acknowledged economists and UN experts for each of the ten challenge areas.

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