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Copenhagen Consensus Center

Human Health

HIV Treatment and Prevention

Approximately 15% of new HIV and AIDS infections in individuals aged 15 years and over occur as a result of sex with female sex workers (FSWs), contributing to the spread of HIV and AIDS in Malawi. This points to the importance of targeting further programming toward the FSW community. Providing HIV services and support is key to stemming this stream of new infections in Malawi.


Although malaria is a largely preventable and treatable disease, it is a significant cause of mortality, morbidity, and productivity loss in Malawi. This study estimates that in 2019, malaria generated health and productivity losses equivalent to MWK 94,770 million – or 1.7 percent of GDP. Increasing insecticide resistance and less than optimal (60%) care-seeking behavior represent two of the most pressing issues facing the country when it comes to reducing the burden of malaria.

Maternal and Neonatal Health

While notable progress has been made in Malawi’s efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals surrounding child health and child survival, progress in curbing neonatal and maternal mortality and morbidity has been less substantial. 


Using cost-benefit analysis to determine which interventions provide the strongest impact for additional funds, this report finds that two key interventions show promise and represent good uses of funds to tackle the challenge of undernutrition in Malawi.